Information about Costa Rica
In the Central American country of Costa Rica, you can find 5% of all known life species on earth. With a size of only 30,000 square miles it is a real natural paradise. This country offers different landscapes in a wonderful panorama. The people of Costa Rica do their best to maintain these landscapes and to protect the precious species in an extensive natural protection system. Today, almost one quarter of the country is protected. In Costa Rica, there are nine active volcanoes and active volcanic mountains, with the highest point of 12467 ft.
The appearance of the fatal vultures (Coragyps atratus) is a little bit frightening, especially when they appear in large groups. They live not only from carrion, but also from fruits and they are a threat for the freshly slipped sea turtles. You will mostly see them nearby cities or on open landscapes.
Costa Rica Photos
During our holiday, we always had our camera at hand. The following photos are just excerpts from the numerous pictures we took on our mountain bike tours. Enjoy watching!
Mantled howlers, (Araguato or easier Congos) are the animals we observed most during our stay in Costa Rica. Most of the time, you will see them in groups. Up in the trees, they move from area to area. Their unmistakable loud screams can especially be heard at dawn. Usually there is one male, who leads the other young animals from tree to tree.
We also often met the"coati" (Nasua narica, here known as pizote) in Costa Rica. It is a relative of the raccoon (Procyon lotor, here also known as mapache), and has a typical facial drawing. The skin color of the coatimundis could look completely different after the changing of their coat. They are very friendly animals, especially when you feed them with bananas. These animals are pack animals as well. You will mostly find them in larger groups. From time to time, tourists get shocked by them, because they suddenly stole their breakfast.
Crocodiles (Crocodilia, here also known as cocodrilo)are to be found in almost all rivers in Costa Rica. You have to distinguish between crocodiles and caimans. Crocodiles belong to the family of the real crocodiles, whereas caimans belong to the group of alligators. Caimans are much slower animals and they could get twice as old. We often found warning signs nearby rivers saying: "Beware, crocodiles!"
Because of its neck crest the green iguana (Iguana iguana, here known as iguana) reminds us of a dinosaur. They are vegetarians and can have a body length of up to 6 foot. You will often see them on trees, because they are perfect climbers. The iguanas are a species under protection. Nevertheless, they sometimes get caught and cooked by the locals.
The beach seems to be moving when thousands of crawfishes (Pagurus bernhardus)move with their houses on their backs along the beaches of Guanacaste. The biologist Dr. Karsten Müller of the University of Rostock, whom we met by chance in the hotel, told us that the crawfishes need both the sea and the nearby mangroves for reproduction.
The hummingbird (flor pica) is the smallest bird in the world. Even the largest among them, the Giant Hummingbird, has a weight of only 20g. With about 80 wing beats per second, it is one of the earliest birds, flying through the air right after sunrise. They also live from insects which they catch during their flight, as well as from nectar which they suck from the flowers.
(Text by Marie Berensen Schuldhardt, Fotos Blanca )